In this article you will get complete information about the life of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Hope you like this article Dr. Rajendra Prasad biography
Dr. Rajendra Prasad said that when India became independent on August 15, 1947, Gandhiji described the characteristics of Indian democracy. The farmer here can also become the President of India.
Gandhiji’s words proved to be true very soon, on 26 January 1950, a great man who led the farmers of Bihar as a symbol of ‘simple living high thinking’ was made the first President of the country.
The great man was none other than Gaurav Rajendra Prasad of Bihar, who deferred his ongoing war to support Gandhiji in the Indian freedom struggle.
Early life and education
Rajendra Prasad was born on December 3, 1884 in a village called Jiradei in Siwan district of Bihar province. His father Shri Mahadev Sahai was a learned man and mother Shrimati Kamleshwari Devi was a pious woman. He had his primary education in the village itself.
Rajendra Babu was a student of very sharp acumen. He started studying Persian at the age of five with a Maulvi, after which he went to the Zilla School in Chapra. After completing his schooling from Zilla School, he went to Patna to study at TK Ghosh Academy.
Meanwhile, at the age of 13, he got married to Rajvanshi Devi. Rajendra Prasad enrolled at the Presidency College, Calcutta, at the age of 18, after securing first position in the entrance examination of the University of Calcutta in 1902. He then completed his graduation in law to start his career in law. He also played an important role in the Indian freedom struggle during his studies.
Although he became active in politics only after passing the graduation level examination, he did not give up his studies while in politics and passed the Master of Law (LLM) examination in 1915 with a gold medal. After this he also earned a doctorate degree in law.
After completing his law studies, he started practicing at the Patna High Court. Due to his goodwill and skills, he earned a lot of name in advocacy and emerged as a renowned lawyer.
role in the nationalist movement
Wherein in 1917, when Gandhiji came to Bihar to provide justice to the farmers of Champaran, Dr. Rajendra Prasad met him. He was highly impressed by Gandhi’s hard work, dedication, working style and courage. After this Rajendra Prasad led the Satyagraha in Bihar. He presented Gandhiji’s message to the people of Bihar in such a way that people started calling him the Gandhi of Bihar.
When Gandhiji launched the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920, Rajendra Prasad gave up his ongoing advocacy and jumped into the freedom struggle. After this he started appearing with Gandhiji in every movement. He played a major role in the establishment of the National College and Vihar Vidyapeeth. He had to travel to jail several times due to Gandhi’s support in the movement.
In 1922, when Gandhiji announced the suspension of the ‘Civil Disobedience Movement’ after the Chauri-Chaura incident, he was criticized by most of the leaders, but even then Rajendra Babu supported him.
In 1930, when Gandhi started the Salt Satyagraha, Rajendra Prasad opposed the government’s ‘tax on salt’ law by making salt with his colleagues in a pond in Patna. For this he was arrested and sent to jail.
He did a lot of service work in the floods of Bihar and Bengal in the year 1911. When the earthquake struck Bihar in the year 1934, Rajendra Prasad conducted the earthquake relief work. In October 1934, he was elected the President of the Indian National Congress in Bombay and in 1939, after Subhas Chandra Bose resigned as the President, he was made the Acting President of the Congress.
The role of Rajendra Prasad in the Quit India Movement of 1912 was also commendable. When the Interim Government was formed in the year 1916, seeing his leadership ability and qualities, he was made the Minister of Food and Agriculture. In the same year, when a Constituent Assembly was constituted to frame the Constitution of India, he was appointed its President.
Elected as the first President of India
On 26 January 1950, when India became a republic, he became the first President of India. After the formation of the new government in the year 1952, he was re-elected to this post.
In the year 1957 also he got Vijayshree in the presidential election. While in the presidency, he also traveled to many countries. He is the only President of India to serve for two consecutive terms.
He held the highest office of the country till 14 May 1962. After this he retired from his post due to ill-health and went to live in Sadaqat Ashram in Patna. In the same year, the Government of India honored him with the country’s highest honor ‘Bharat Ratna’.
Rajendra Prasad followed Gandhiji’s ideas throughout his life, but when China invaded India in 1962, despite being unwell, he rushed to awaken the public’s self-respect and left his speech at Gandhi Maidan in Patna. He said- “We will have to face non-violence or violence, Chinese aggression.” This reflects his unique sense of patriotism.
Dr. Apart from his autobiography’ (1946), Rajendra Prasad wrote several books including ‘Following Bapu’s Footsteps 1954’, ‘India Divided 1916’, ‘Satyagraha in Champaran 1922’, ‘Gift of Gandhiji’, ‘Indian Culture and Khadi’ Wrote also. , Economics, ‘Mahatma Gandhi and Bihar’ etc. are noteworthy. Although Rajendra Babu studied in Persian and Urdu, however, he took Hindi only in his B.A.
He was well acquainted with English, Hindi, Urdu, Persian, Bengali language and literature and also had practical knowledge of Gujarati language. He studied Hindu law from Sanskrit texts for the ML exam. He was very fond of Hindi. His articles were published in Hindi newspapers- ‘Bharat Mitra’, ‘Bharatodaya’, ‘Kamla’ etc. magazines, which were elegant and effective. He also edited the newspaper ‘Desh’ in Hindi and Patna Kanoon Bikli in English.
He was the president of the Vihar Pradesh Hindi Sahitya Sammelan in the year 1926 and the Uttar Pradesh Hindi Sahitya Sammelan in the year 1927. He was always striving for the development and propagation of the national language Hindi and was associated with this All India Hindi Sahitya Sammelan throughout his life.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad never allowed his simplicity and purity to be disturbed, even while living in the splendid atmosphere of Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Sarojini Naidu wrote about him- “His extraordinary talent, his unique melody, the enormity of his character and the qualities of extreme sacrifice have perhaps made him more widely and personally endearing than all our leaders.
The closest to Gandhi is his only place. In the form of Christ near St. John among the disciples. “To spend the last months of his life, he chose Sadaqat Ashram near Patna.
Rajendra Prasad breathed his last on 28 February 1968 at Sadaqat Ashram in Patna. He may not be present among us today, but a grateful nation can never forget his contribution.
In his death the country has lost a great son. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the epitome of the ‘simple idea of high life’. His life is an example for all of us.
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